All About the Iguana: The Herbivorous Lizard

Photo: Mason Jones via Unsplash

Iguanas are a genus of herbivorous lizards found in Central and South America.

While they may seem, dangerous creatures, iguanas are pretty harmless. However, they can dig lengthy tunnels, damage pavements, and build foundations.

All About Iguana is the perfect guide for anyone who wants to learn more about these fascinating creatures. This comprehensive guide includes information on iguana anatomy, behavior, habitat, and more.

Let's dive deep!

Description and Appearance

Photo: Samantha Garcia via Unsplash


Iguana is a genus of giant lizards native to tropical America, the Caribbean, and parts of Mexico.

Iguana is green to brown in color and has a long tail. They can grow up to 5-6 feet long, with males larger than females. They have a crest of spines down their back and along the tail.

These spines are used for defense and intimidation. Males will also turn darker during breeding season as part of their courtship display.

Two species are currently recognized.

The Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) is the most common and ranges over a wide area from southern Mexico to central Brazil and the Lesser Antilles. The spiny-tailed Iguana (Ctenosaura similis) is found in lowland dry forest from southern Mexico to northwestern Costa Rica.

Iguanas are popular pets and are sometimes seen in public areas. They are also used as food in some Latin American countries. Iguana meat is high in protein and low in fat.


Iguanas are herbivorous animals, and as such, their diet should consist mainly of plant matter. A good diet for an iguana will include mostly fresh vegetables and fruits, with a limited number of insects.

The only exception to this will be if you cannot find a reliable source of fresh produce, then feeding a small number of pellets as a supplement would be okay.

Nearly any type of fruit or vegetable will make a good part of an iguana's diet except onion or garlic, which can be harmful.

Some good vegetables to feed an iguana include:

  • Green Beans
  • Collard greens
  • Dandelion greens
  • Kale
  • Mustard greens
  • Turnip greens
  • Beet greens
  • Carrots
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Pumpkin

Some good fruit to feed an iguana includes:

  • Applesauce (unsweetened)
  • Bananas (no more than once per week)
  • Blackberries
  • Blueberries
  • Cantaloupe (no seeds)
  • Honeydew melon (no seeds)
  • Kiwi fruit (no skin)
  • Papaya


Photo: passion4nature via Getty Images


Iguana reproduction is fascinating!

After mating, the female Iguana will typically lay her eggs in a sandy area and bury them. The eggs will incubate for about two months, and then the baby iguanas will hatch.

The baby iguanas are pretty tiny when they first hatch, but they grow quickly! In less than a year, they can reach full size. Iguanas are sexually mature at around two years of age.


The Iguana was first discovered in Sussex, England, in 1822. A zoologist named John Edward Gray discovered while he was studying lizards and snakes. Gray named the Iguana after a Greek word that means "lizard."

Today, many different types of iguanas can be found worldwide. They can vary in color, size, and diet. Some iguanas are even used to help treat medical conditions like diabetes and obesity.

Lifelike Green Iguana Lizard Soft Stuffed Plush Toy

Gage Beasley’s Lifelike Green Iguana Lizard Soft Stuffed Plush Toy


Gage Beasley’s Lifelike Green Iguana Lizard Soft Stuffed Plush Toy is made of cotton material and is in the shape of a green iguana lizard. It measures 26 inches long and 5.1 inches high.

This would be an ideal toy for any child who loves reptiles or wants a cuddly green iguana to keep them company.

The toy is recommended for children aged three and up. It would make an excellent gift for any occasion.

Final Thoughts

Iguanas are fascinating creatures that make exciting pets. They are herbivorous animals, and their diet should consist mainly of plant matter.

This article has covered some basic information about iguanas, including their diet, reproduction, and discovery.

I hope you have found it helpful.

Thanks for reading!



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